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What is Internal Medicine?

internal medicine raleigh ncInternal medicine physicians provide primary medical care for adults, including diagnosis and treatment of diseases and illnesses, routine care, and preventative medicine. Internal medicine doctors may be referred to as internists, general internists, or doctors of internal medicine.

A doctor of internal medicine attends medical school for four years and receives a minimum of three years of training in a hospital or clinic as an intern and resident. Upon completion of training a doctor may earn board certification after rigorous testing and peer review. Board certification is recognition of the doctor’s extensive training and medical skills. Internal medicine doctors are certified by the American Board of Internal Medicine.

Scope of Adult Medical Care

Internists’ certifications and education prepare them to deal with anything a patient brings to them. Internists are experts in diagnosis. They have been prepared to figure out what medical condition is causing the root of problems even if there are multiple medical conditions present.

Collaboration is a big portion of internists’ jobs. Internists will work with your surgeon or specialist to better diagnose, treat and prevent specific illnesses or medical conditions. Many specialists will often refer back to internists for detailed diagnosis information when treating patients.

Internists are also not just focused on common colds and illness diagnosis and treatment. They are trained to diagnose and treat common medical conditions in many different areas. Here are a few of the common areas of diagnosis and treatment internists are involved with:

Internal Medicine Diagnosis and Treatment Areas

Drug and substance abuse

Mental health

Respiratory conditions

Blood issues

Joint problems

Urinary problems

Kidney issues

Heart and cardiovascular conditions

Digestive system problems



Neurological issues

Internal Medicine is more than just the focus of diagnosis and treatment in different areas of human health. It is also significantly associated with patient education and general education of health and wellness. Preventative medicine is a major focus of internists when treating patients. Internists are constantly focused on informing patients about personal hygiene, diet, physical activity and mental health to keep them healthy and prevent future illness. It is this health and wellness education and the investment in the person and family that sets internists apart from other physicians.

Med-Peds at Wake Pediatrics

All Wake Internal Medicine and Pediatrics doctors are board certified in Internal Medicine and Pediatrics, a distinction called Med-Peds. A number of our doctors hold additional board certifications in subspecialties including Pediatrics, Pulmonary Medicine, Geriatrics, Sleep Medicine, and Gastroenterology. Our Med-Peds physicians are qualified to provide medical care to your whole family. This presents a unique opportunity at Wake Pediatrics as children and their parents’ medical care can be provided all under the same roof. For more information about Wake Pediatrics’ services in internal medicine or pediatrics, contact us at our Raleigh, NC office.